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History > 1999 Conference > What
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Discussions and action were motivated by the following themes:

 Failure of Traditional Approaches
 Human Security
 Soft Power
 All Human Rights for All
 Replacing the Law of Force with the Force of Law
 Taking the Initiative in Peace-Making
 Bottom-Up Globalization
 Democratic International Decision-Making
 Humanitarian Intervention
 Financing for Peace and Starving the Funds for War

The conference launched the Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21st Century, a set of 50 recommendations for the abolition of war and the promotion of peace. The Agenda (UN Ref A/54/98) was formed out of an intensive democratic process among the members of the HAP Organizing and Coordinating Committees and hundreds of organizations and individuals. The Agenda represents what civil society organizations and citizens consider some of the most important challenges facing humanity for the 21st century. It highlights four major strands:

 Root Causes of War & Culture of Peace
 International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and Institutions
 Prevention, Resolution, and Transformation of Violent Conflict
 Disarmament and Human Security

The conference redefined peace as not only the absence of conflict between and within states, but also as the presence of economic and social justice. It also brought together environmentalists, human rights advocates, feminists, spiritual leaders, humanitarian and development workers and others - some of whom do not normally perceive themselves as "peace activists" - to work together to develop a sustainable culture of peace.

Some of the alliances formed as a result of this great coming-together spawned concrete campaigns. Others will take longer to do so, but it is certain that more such campaigns, peace-building efforts and cross-sectoral projects will emerge